Essential oils are pure, concentrated liquids extracted from flowers, herbs and plants. They are used to enhancing physical and emotional health and well-being. This is due to the fact that certain scents make their way into the limbic system in our brain, which is associated with memory and emotion.

Below, I have compiled an A to Z list of Essential oils and their uses.

A) Anise Seed

Spicy, earthy aroma with hints of liquorice, long been used to treat the symptoms of indigestion.

Can be used for:

Nausea, Vertigo, indigestion and alleviating respiratory issues.

(Do not use internally or whilst pregnant or breast feeding. May irritate sensitive skin)

B) Basil

Vibrant, minty aroma with cool clarifying top notes. Can ease mental fatigue and improve concentration. Basil contains a number of compounds, including Linalool, which has been shown to reduce stress in several scientific studies.

Can be used for;

Acne, Anxiety, Depression, Fatigue, Coughs and Colds.

Bergamot

Revitalizing and refreshing, Bergamot provides a calming yet uplifting effect to redirect nervous energy. This oil also has the ability to reduce inflammation and lower cholesterol levels. ( can cause photo sensitivity, so should not be left on skin exposed to the sun)

Can be used for:

Anti-inflammatory, Pain relief,

Blue Chamomile

Blue in color, with a sweet earthy scent. Widely used for its calming properties that benefit both the body and mind.

Can be used for:

Soothing itchiness, easing inflammation, increasing relaxation, supporting sleep and nourishing skin.

( May cause drowsiness. May irritate sensitive skin)

C) Cardamom

Its warm spiciness, enhanced with other clarifying notes, has soothing properties for the mind and body.

Can be used for:

Boosting mouth health, Treating symptoms of indigestion, soothing anxiety and calming skin issues.

Caraway

An essential oil with spicy, slightly fruity scent with a subtle hint of liquorice. Particularly helpful in aiding indigestion. Also, offers hair and skin benefits.

Can be used for: Supporting digestion, Balancing skin, treating an oily scalp, easing nerve and soothing a cough.

(Do not use internally or whilst pregnant or breast feeding. May irritate sensitive skin)

Cedarwood

Its warm, woody notes are deeply grounding. Benefits skin and hair as well as offering emotional support.

Can be used for:

Treating an itchy scalp, Boosting skin and hair health, Repelling insects, Detoxifying and grounding emotions.

(Avoid topical use whilst pregnant or breast feeding)



Chamomile

Its delicate sweetness is natures sleep balm. Chamomile is a deeply relaxing essential oil.

Can be used for:

Calming anxiety and promoting a better sleep.

( Non toxic, good for use with babies)



Cinnamon

With its sweet and spicy scent, cinnamon offers a number of benefits for the home and mind.

Can be used for:

Curbing sugar cravings, repelling insects, cleaning the home and alleviating exhaustion.

( Do not use cinnamon leaf whilst pregnant or breast feeding)



Clove

Clove buds have been used medicinally for centuries. The buds are steam distilled to produce spicy clove oil. It has analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.

Can be used for:

Boosting dental health, toothache, treating bad breath, alleviating pain and preventing infection.

(Do not use internally or whilst pregnant or breast feeding. May irritate sensitive skin)



Clary Sage

A calming, mellow, floral aroma, steam distilled from the flowering herb. It has calming and anti-inflammatory benefits.

Can be used for:

Alleviating anxiety, easing symptoms of PMS and menopause, de-stressing and increasing concentration.

( Do not use whist pregnant or breast feeding)



Cypress

An astringent, woody, balsamic aroma, steam distilled from the needles and twigs. Cypress is commonly used for its anti-inflammatory and de-stressing properties.

Can be used for:

Enhancing mental clarity, boosting mental clarity, supporting detoxification, reducing swelling and soothing inflammation.

( Do not use whilst pregnant or breast feeding.)



Coriander

A herb more commonly known to be used in the kitchen, Coriander is steam distilled to make essential oil. It has a spicy, herbaceous scent, which is also slightly sweet. Coriander is used to rejuvenate the spirit and relax the muscles.

Can be used for:

Aiding indigestion, nausea, soothing stiff muscles, uplifting emotions and balancing oily skin.

D) Dill

Dill has a fresh, grass like scent, which is steam distilled from the flowering herb.

Can be used for:

Supporting digestion, alleviating gas, soothing headaches and easing anxiety.

( Do not use whilst pregnant or breast feeding.)

E) Eucalyptus

An energizing, medicinal, camphor like aroma, steam distilled from the leaves and twigs. Its main benefits are easing cold and flu symptoms.

Can be used for:

Alleviating respiratory issues, easing sore muscles, aiding mental clarity and cleaning the home.

( Do not use whilst pregnant or breast feeding.)

F) Fennel

Fennel essential oil has a sweet, strong liquorice scent, and is used for treating a range of issues from skin irritations to indigestion.

Can be used for:

Aiding digestion, supporting detoxification, treating problem skin, regulating the menstrual cycle and mitigating symptoms of PMS.

( Do not use while pregnant or breastfeeding. Do no use if you have Epilepsy or seizures.)



Frankincense

A short, branchy tree topped with stems of small green leaves. It is stem distilled to make the bright, woody-spicy frankincense essential oil. It has been used for thousands of years as an incense fragrance. Frankincense is used for both physical and emotional ailments.

Can be used for:

Boosting skin health, treating cuts and scrapes, increasing energy and sense of well-being and alleviating headaches

( Do not use whilst pregnant or breast feeding.)

G) Geranium

Subtle rose scented essential oil with calming properties for the skin and the mind.

Can be used for: Nourishing the skin, boosting hair health, repelling insects and calming anxiety.

( Do not use whilst pregnant. May cause drowsiness.)



Ginger

Ginger has a warm, earthy, spicy scent with a number of benefits. It can be used to treat gastrointestinal unease and flu symptoms.

Can be used for:

Easing motion sickness, treating digestive issues, reducing fever, increasing libido and boosting circulation.

( Do not use whilst pregnant or breast feeding.)

Grapefruit

A refreshing, zesty, lemony aroma essential oil. It is cold pressed from the outer fruit peel. Grapefruit oil is energizing as well as antiseptic.

Can be used for:

Easing the symptoms of motion sickness, curbing sugar cravings – weight loss, supports detoxification and treating oily skin and scalp.

( Grapefruit oil is a photo sensitiser, do not use on skin that may be exposed to the sun)

H) Helichrysum

A soothing, rich, honey-like aroma which is steam distilled from the flowering plant.

Can be used for:

Reducing scarring, soothing skin irritations, healing cuts and grazes, boosting skin health and supporting difficult emotions.\

( Do not use while pregnant or breast feeding)



Hyssop

A subtly sweet, camphorous aroma, hyssop has the ability to help you breathe easy both physically and mentally.

Can be used for:

Treating a sore throat, soothing chest congestion, relieving fatigue and preventing infection.

( Do not use internally. Do not use whilst pregnant or breast feeding. Do not use if prone to epilepsy or seizures.)



J) Jasmine

The small white flowers of jasmine are carbon dioxide or solvent extracted to create jasmine Absolute essential oil. It takes a large amount of flowers to create a small amount of Jasmine essential oil, hence it being more costly. Jasmine has a warm floral scent and is used in perfume and to aid emotional therapy.

Can be used for:

Improving circulation, enhancing feelings of well-being, boosting skin health and aiding premenstrual syndrome.

( Do not use whilst pregnant or breast feeding.)



Juniper Berry

A warm, woody balsamic aroma. It is steam distilled from the ripe berries. Juniper berry essential oil is both antiseptic and analgesic. In addition, it has an emotionally grounding effect.

Can be used for:

Treating cuts, alleviating skin issues, easing restlessness, relieving sore muscles and boosting mindfulness.

( Do not use whilst pregnant or breast feeding. Do not use if you have kidney or liver ailments.)

L) Lavender

Lavender oil is steam distilled from the flowering tops of a tall stemmed bush that produces flowers in varying shades of purple. It has a calming, sweet, herbaceous aroma.

Can be used for:

Lavender essential oil is extremely versatile. Treating insomnia, easing anxiety, alleviating headaches and promoting feelings of calmness.

( Lavender may cause drowsiness)



Lemon

A reviving, fresh scent, cold pressed from the outer fruit peel.

Can be used for:

Lemon essential oil boosts the immune system, aids mental rejuvenation, alleviates coughs or sore throat, soothes a headache and can be used for cleaning the house.

( Do not use on skin that may be exposed to the sun)



Lemongrass

A stimulating, pungent lemony aroma, Lemongrass is steam distilled from the chopped grass.it has analgesic and antibacterial properties.

Can be used for:

Fighting infection, repelling insects, supporting detoxification, boosting skin health and energizing the mind.

( Do not use if you are pregnant or breast feeding)



Lime

A refreshing, sweet, lemony aroma, cold pressed from the outer fruit peel.

Can be used for:

Alleviating depression, enhancing mental acuity, treating oily scalp and skin, boosting the immune system and cleaning the home.

( Do not use if skin is to be exposed to the sun)

M) Mandarin

A calming, delicate citrus-floral aroma, mandarin is cold pressed from the outer fruit rind. This sweet citrus oil is uplifting and gentle, with properties that benefit the body and the home.

Can be used for:

Supporting sleep, lifting spirits, boosting skin health and relieving indigestion.

( Mandarin oil is a photosensitive so avoid direct sunlight after use.)



Marjoram

A sedating, warming, sweet and herbaceous aroma, steam distilled from the leaves and flowers.

Can be used for:

Aids restful sleep, relaxing, alleviates nervous tension and anxiety and can help to manage swelling associated with

bruising.

( Do not use when pregnant or breastfeeding.)



Melissa

A soothing, sweet, lemony aroma, steam distilled from the fresh leaves of the herb bush.

Can be used for:

Calm nerves and aids in anxiety, Calms a racing heart when in shock and eases indigestion symptoms.

( Do not use whilst pregnant or breast feeding.)

Myrrh

A renewing, musky, sweet balsamic aroma, steam distilled from the oleo resin of the tree.

Can be used for:

Reflection and contemplation, treats respiratory illnesses and aids diarrhea

( Do not use whilst pregnant or breast feeding)

N) Neroli

A comforting, gently uplifting, delicate floral scent, steam distilled from the flowers of the orange blossom.Neroli essential oil is costly, so some use Petitgrain essential oil, which comes from the trees leaves or twigs, for a less costly oil.

Can be used for:

Perfume, promoting sleep, easing anxiety, boosting healthy skin and alleviating headaches.

( May cause drowsiness)



Niaouli

Comes from the leaves and twigs being steam distilled to create an antiseptic. It has a strong medicinal scent with a touch of sweetness.

Can be used for:

Heal cuts and grazes, fights infection, supports the immune system and treating blemishes.



Nutmeg

Is an evergreen tree native to Indonesia, that produces small round flowers and fruits. The seed of each fruit is dried and steam distilled to create nutmeg essential oil.

Can be used for:

Easing nausea and indigestion, alleviating stiff muscles, supporting circulation and easing the symptoms of PMS

( Do not use internally. Do not use whilst pregnant or breast feeding.)



O) Orange

Gently uplifting, a sweet, fresh, fruity aroma cold pressed from the outer peel of the fruit.

Can be used for:

Invites joy and happiness into the heart and the home, promotes sleep, apply tom the limbs to assist the removal of toxins.



Oregano

An intensely herbaceous smelling oil which is hot and potent, a little goes a long way.

Can be used for:

Warding off viruses, alleviating cold and flu symptoms, boosting the immune system, treating infection and cleaning the house.

( Do not use internally. Do not use whilst pregnant or breast feeding.)

P) Palmarosa

A balancing, lemony-rose aroma, steam distilled from the fresh or dried wild grass. It offers a reliable boost for both mental and skin health.

Can be used for:

Healing dry skin, uplifting emotions, promoting healthy hair and preventing infections.

( Do not use whilst pregnant or breast feeding)


Patchouli

From the bushy flowering herb in the mint family, patchouli essential oil is steam distilled from the leaves. It has a sweet and spicy, intoxicating aroma. Known for its calming and astringent properties, it is great for skincare.

Can be used for:

Alleviating dry skin, repelling insects, easing stress, enhancing libido and supporting mindfulness.

Peppermint

Peppermint essential oil is steam distilled from the leaves of the plant. This fresh, minty oil is both analgesic and antimicrobial, with energizing properties

Can be used for:

alleviating foot odor, quelling the itch of insect bites, mental rejuvenation, boosting energy and cooling a fever

( Do not use whilst pregnant or breast feeding)

Pine

Pine essential oil is steam distilled from the needles of the pine tree. With its fresh, pine scent, It has antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties.

Can be used for:

Soothing muscle pain, alleviating congestion, soothing the mind and boosting air quality.

( Refrain from using if you have a respiratory issue)


Petitgrain

the leaves and twigs of the bitter orange tree, are steam distilled to create petitgrain essential oil. With its citrus, woody scent, petitgrain is often used in skincare and also or its emotionally therapeutic benefits.

Can be used for:

Insomnia, reducing anxiety, soothing muscle spasms and treating acne.

( May cause drowsiness)


R) Rose

Hundreds ad a thousand s of petals from the fragrant flowers of the rose bush are solvent extracted to create just 30g of rose absolute, making it one of the most valuable oils you can buy. It has a sweet, floral aroma, which has many emotional health benefits.

Can be used for:

De-stressing, alleviating depression, tempering emotions and rejuvenating skin.

( Do not use whilst pregnant)


Rose Geranium

This uncommon species of geranium plant has the leaves steam distilled in order to create Rose Geranium essential oil. With its lovely floral scent, rose geranium is used for skincare.

Can be used for:

Boosting the skins’ health, balancing emotions, promoting well-being and relieves symptoms of PMS

( Do not use whilst pregnant.)



Rosemary

Rosemary is used in kitchens all around the world, it has many benefits, including antibacterial properties and mood boosting elements.

Can be used for:

Improving circulation, boosting alertness, soothing tense muscles and house cleaning.

( Do not use whilst pregnant or breast feeding)



S) Sage

A shrub like herb in the mint family, sage is steam distilled from the leaves to create sage essential oil. It has many medicinal uses.

Can be used for:

Treating stiff muscles, alleviating symptoms of PMS, repelling insects and mental rejuvenation.

( May irritate sensitive skin. Do not use while pregnant or breast feeding, Do not use is you suffer epilepsy or seizures.)



Sandalwood

A small flowering tree native to Australia, the hard inner hardwood is chipped and distilled to create sandalwood essential oil. It has a rich woody aroma and is beneficial for emotional and physical nourishing properties.

Can be used for:

Enhancing meditation, easing anxiety, nourishing hair and fighting infection.

( May cause drowsiness)



Spearmint

The aromatic leaves are steam distilled to create this sweet, minty essential oil. It has many benefits, from freshening the breathe to refreshing the mind.

Can be used for:

Freshening breathe, easing nausea, soothing indigestion and cleaning the home.



Spikenard

The roots of the plant are steam distilled to produce this sweet, pungent spikenard essential oil. It has been used for centuries to calm and de-stress.

Can be used for:

Easing restlessness, encouraging sleep, soothing sore muscles, calming anxiety and boosting skin health.

( May cause drowsiness)


Spruce

The needles of this evergreen are steam distilled to produce this fresh green scent. It has a range of benefits from antiseptic to congestive.

Can be used for:

Soothing stiff muscles, treating joint pain, freshening the air and easing fatigue.

( may irritate sensitive skin. Do not use whilst pregnant or breast feeding.)


T) Tangerine

The rind of the small orange fruit is cold pressed to create tangerine essential oil. It has a sweet, bright scent and wonderful emotional benefits.

Can be used for:

Overall mood boosting, re-energizing, supporting detoxification and treating digestive issues.

( May irritate sensitive skin. Tangerine oil is a photosensitive so avoid sunlight after use.)


Tea Tree

Tea tree essential oils is steam distilled from the leaves and twigs of the plant which is native to Australia. It has anti fungal and anti-inflammatory properties. This campherous scented oil has a wide range of uses , from skincare to home cleaning solutions.

Can be used for:

Treating acne, soothing skin conditions, alleviating dandruff and clearing sinuses.

( Do not use internally. May irritate sensitive skin)


Thyme

the small green leaves and pink flowers of the thyme bush, are steam distile to create thyme eseenetial oil. Thyme oil, as well as being used in the kitchen, is beneficial for its antiseptic and analgesic qualities.

Can be used for:

Improving concenttation, relaxing stiff muscles, supporting the immune system and treating blemished skin.

( Do not use whilst pregnant or breast feeding.)



V) Valerian

The rope like roots are steam distilled to create valerian essential oil. Long used in homeopathy because of its sedative properties. This medicinal smelling oil is helpful for emotional, mental and physical calming.

Can be used for:

Promoting sleep, easing anxiety, alleviating depression and treating stress related headaches.

( Do not use while pregnant or breast feeding)



Vetiver

The dried roots of the plant are distilled to create this strong, woody, earthy scent. It has emotiional benefits and is also anti-inflammatory and analgesic.

Can be used for:

Increasing concentration, easing restlessness, uplifting emotions and soothing muscle and joint pain.

( May cause drowsiness)



Y.) Yarrow

The small daisy like flowers are steam distilled to create yarrow essential oil. It is beneficial for calming the mind and de-stressing.

Can be used for:

Smoothing skin, alleviating congestion, easing menstrual cramps and calming the mind.

( Do not use if pregnant or breast feeding)



Ylang Ylang

The vibrant yellow flowers are steam distilled to produce Ylang Ylang essential oil. It has a sweet, floral fragrance and is known for its skin and haircare benefits.

Can be used for:

Increasing relaxation, decreasing blood pressure, easing depression and treating dry skin and scalp conditions.

( May cause drowsiness. May irritate sensitive skin)

The relationship which you cultivate with your essential oils is important. Creating rituals around your self-care practice, or being mindful as you put yur oils to use, can make them even more potent.

Consider offering gratitude to the plant whose oil you are working with. Essential oils are the bridge that can help lead us to a synergistic relationship with the plant world.

The oils that you use are a gift from the earth. Treating it as such will enhance the healing process.

I hope that this A to Z helps to guide you on your journey to working with Essential oils.

Much love

Crystalwebs